Assessment of the resistance of four nitrogen-fixing Bacteria to glyphosate

  • JAMAL IBIJBIJEN Environment and Soil Microbiology Unit, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, B. P. 11201 Zitoune, Meknes, Morocco
  • Mohamed Maldani Environment and Soil Microbiology Unit, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, B. P. 11201 Zitoune, Meknes, Morocco
  • Btissam Ben Messaoud Environment and Soil Microbiology Unit, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, B. P. 11201 Zitoune, Meknes, Morocco
  • Laila Nassiri Environment and Soil Microbiology Unit, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismail University, B. P. 11201 Zitoune, Meknes, Morocco
Keywords: Glyphosate; Pesticide; Nitrogen-fixing bacteria; Tolerance

Abstract

The presence of residual pesticides in the soil affect the microbial Communities, as well continuous use of pesticides exacerbates this problem. Glyphosate is one of the most used herbicides in the world. Up to date several studies have evaluated the tolerance and resistance of bacteria to glyphosate. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria and has a very important role in soil fertility, thus altering of this bacterial communities of soil decrease the soil fertility. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of glyphosate application on four bacterial strains Pantoea agglomerans, Rhizobium nepotum, Rhizobium radiobacter and Rhizobium tibeticum. Glyphosate was applied as the sole source of carbon at a rate (0 g/l, 0.5 g/l, 1g/l, 3g/l, 6g/l and 12 g/l) with two methods.  Microbial growth was measured by Colony Forming Units (CUF /ml). Comparing with the control, the result shown that the growth of the four strains decreased by increasing the concentration of glyphosate. The four strains shown resistance to glyphosate in the direct enrichment compared to the continued enrichment method. Comparing strains with each other, Rhizobium radiobacter is the most resistant strain to glyphosate

Published
2018-08-12
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Section
ARTICLES