Evaluation of Yield Performance of Soybean Mutant FM6-847 in North Carolina

Authors

  • Jiazheng Yuan Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, NC, USA
  • Nacer Bellaloui Crop Genetics Research Unit, USDA–ARS, 141 Experiment Station Road, P.O. Box 345, Stoneville, MS 38776, USA
  • Naoufal Lakhssasi Department of Plant, Soil, and Agricultural Systems, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
  • Samer M. AbuBakr Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, NC, USA
  • Safiah Kassem Athens Drive High School, 1420 Athens Dr, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
  • Zakariah Kassem Athens Drive High School, 1420 Athens Dr, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
  • Sakinah Kassem Dillard Drive Middle School, 5200 Dillard Dr, Raleigh, NC, USA
  • Courtney Barnes Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, NC, USA
  • Aeisha McLelland Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, NC, USA
  • Brown Barbara Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, NC, USA
  • Wendy Adams Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, NC, USA
  • Tarik El-Mellouki Johnson County Community College, Overland Park, KS 66210, USA
  • Khalid Meksem Department of Plant, Soil, and Agricultural Systems, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
  • Abdelmajid Kassem Plant Genomics and Biotechnology Lab, Department of Biological and Forensic Sciences, Fayetteville State University, Fayetteville, NC, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5147/ajpb.v0i0.215

Keywords:

Soybean, mutant FM6-847, Total seed weight, 100-seed weight, Yield parameters, Multiple comparison

Abstract

Soybean is a well-known crop for its protein, oil, fatty acids, minerals, isoflavones, and other bioactive compounds. The high yielding mutant FM6-847 was developed through ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) mutagenesis. FM6-847 was derived from soybean cultivar Forrest and the yield performance of FM6-847 was not evaluated in North Carolina. The objective of this study was to evaluate the yield performance of the mutant FM6-847 compared to three USDA reference lines LD00-2817, LD06-7620, and LD07-3395 in a field trial in Fayetteville, NC over a period of two years (2016–2017). We compared plant height (PH), pod numbers (Pod#), seed number (Seed#), 100-seed weight (100-SW), and total seed weight (TSW) of the mutant and USDA reference lines. In addition, we investigated the presence of Rhizobia, nitrogen fixing bacteria that help in increasing the yield of legumes through enriching nutrients by nitrogen fixation. The results showed that the mean TSW of mutant line was significantly higher (P<0.05) than all of the USDA reference lines in 2017 trial. The yield parameters of PH, pod#, seed#, and 100-SW were also significantly different between the soybean mutant line with more than one USDA reference lines. The contribution of yield parameters to the TSW was also analyzed and these parameters were significantly contributing to the TSW based on linear fixed model. The first two principal components explained more than 70% phenotypic variation among variables in the dataset based on the results of principal component analysis (PCA). Finally, a total of 13 bacterial strains including nitrogen fixation bacteria Rhizobium giardinii were identified in the soil of the field trial.

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Published

2020-04-05

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ARTICLES