Using A Minimum Tile Path For Plant Transformations Encompassing the Entire Soybean Genome
Genomes like Glycine max (soybean) that have been highly conserved following increases in ploidy represent a frontier for genome analysis. Many soybean QTL analyzed to date have been composed of gene clusters each with contributing a portion of the trait rather than alleles of single genes. At the Soybean Genome Database (SoyGD) http://soybeangenome.siu.edu the genome browser that integrates and served the publicly available soybean physical map, BAC fingerprint database and genetic map associated genomic data shows a minimum tile of transformation ready BIBAC-like clones in pCLD04541 (pV41; oriV; tra; bom). Sequence resources made available through the DOE genome sequencing project have allowed the minimum tile to be revised and new functional analyses to be made. There are 3,840 MTP clones that appeared to encompass 90% of the genome (see http://soybeangenome.siu.edu/cgi-bin/gbrowse/BES_scaffolds). The BIBAC-like clones (tetR) from E. coli DH10 B were transferred en masse to Agrobacterium tumefaciens by triparental matings with EHA105 (rifR) mediated by pRK2013 (oriP) in DH10B (kanR) in 384 well plates. Although not necessary the extra helper plasmid boosted efficiency 10 fold. Individual A. tumefaciens rifampicin and tetracyclin resistant strains were used for transformation of Arabidopsis thaliana flowers in 384 well arrays. Initially kanamycin selection was used to isolate transgenic plants. Because the BACs were already tetR the recA mutants of A. tumefaciens could not be used (Tn3 insertions). Consequent to this and partial transconjugation events only some inserts are transferred completely while other transformed lines contain a substitution series of deleted inserts anchored on the Ti-left border (LB). These are maintained as kanR mixtures of seed. Phenotypes found for lines transgenic for particular BACs that were repeated include seed composition (protein, oil), development (growth, senescence) and disease resistance (suddean death syndrome (SDS) and soybean cyst nematode (SCN).