Introduction of High Throughput and Cost Effective SNP Genotyping Platforms in Soybean
We presented here the application of two in-plate SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) genotyping platforms for soybean plants [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], KASP® (Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR genotyping, LGC Genomics) and TaqMan® (Life Technologies) respectively. These two systems offer us an ability to determine the genotypes of 384 individual samples accurately and efficiently by allele specific PCR in a single plate using typical PCR conditions. Both of the systems require small quantity of genomic DNA obtained from a simple DNA extraction. The genomic sequences containing target SNPs can easily be used as a basic blueprint to design the probes and primers of KASP® and TaqMan® assays whether the sequences are obtained from the genome sequence of soybean William 82 (Wm82.a2.v1), Illumina Soy50k SNPs, or parallel resequencing. Moreover, we listed the pros and cons of the two systems and explained the principles behind the platforms. The high call rate and clear clustering separation of the SNPs can be readily obtained from these platforms without conducting any assay optimization processes. These platforms can routinely be performed on 96/384-well plate format with or without an automation procedure. Therefore, these platforms are especially suitable for the SNP genotyping on a particular trait with a large sample size, gene fine mapping, and marker assisted selection. Further, they require little hands-on experience and achieve per-site and per-individual costs below that of current SSR, AFLP, RFLP, and SNP chip technologies. The platforms can be used for genotyping on a wide range of organisms due to their simplicity and flexibility of handling. Meanwhile, we also especially presented some of the advantages using KASP® SNP genotyping pipeline, which was cost effective in the selection of allele specific assay and therefore, efficiently facilitated the soybean genotyping across large numbers (thousands or more) of individual lines for a great range of markers (hundreds to thousands) in our laboratory.